The longest-serving Jerusalem mayor was , who spent 28 years—-six consecutive terms-—in office. Beitar plays in the more prestigious , while Hapoel is in the second division. Archived from on 19 August 2013. Of the 58 synagogues in the Old City, half were either razed or converted to stables and hen-houses over the course of the next 19 years, including the and the. Within the span of a few decades, Jerusalem shifted from Byzantine to rule, then back to Roman-Byzantine dominion. Jews, wherever they were, prayed for its restoration. Today it is both the central library of the university and the national library of Israel.
The , which was located adjacent to the Western Wall, was evacuated and razed to make way for a plaza for those visiting the wall. Jerusalem received over 30 centimetres 12 in of snow on 13 December 2013, which nearly paralyzed the city. The State of Palestine according to the Basic Law of Palestine, Title One: Article 3 regards Jerusalem as its capital. The Christians and Jews of Jerusalem were subjected to attacks. Archived from on 2 February 2008.
Jebus, Zion, City of David An ancient settlement of Jerusalem, founded as early as the Bronze Age on the hill above the , was according to the Bible named e. Jordan allowed Arab Palestinian refugees from the war to settle in the vacated , which became known as Harat al-Sharaf. The , derived from the name mentioned in the , was built on the Temple Mount under the Umayyad Caliph to commemorate the place from which Muslims believe Muhammad ascended to Heaven. Archived from on 5 November 2011. Agreements for the supply of water, electricity, and the construction of a tramway system—all under concessions granted by the Ottoman authorities—had been signed by the city of Jerusalem and a Greek citizen, Euripides Mavromatis, on 27 January 1914. He built walls, towers and palaces, and , buttressing the courtyard with blocks of stone weighing up to 100 tons.
Contemporary Arabic and Hebrew sources say the site was full of rubbish, and that Arabs and Jews cleaned it. Next to the Israel Museum is the , near , which includes the offices. Archived from on 14 July 2007. In the November 2008 city elections, was elected. Jerusalem: Life Throughout the Ages in a Holy City.
Number of Arab districts under Jewish control. In addition, a complex for the city's courts and the prosecutor's office will be built, as well as new buildings for Central Zionist Archives and. Current demographics The In December 2007, Jerusalem had a population of 747,600—64% were Jewish, 32% Muslim, and 2% Christian. Urban planning issues Critics of efforts to promote a Jewish majority in Jerusalem say that government planning policies are motivated by demographic considerations and seek to limit Arab construction while promoting Jewish construction. Israeli Agriculture Minister proposed building a ring of Jewish neighborhoods around the city's eastern edges. Sarah and Rachel date Kevin and Omar respectively, and they go to a nightclub together. In the past it was also served by the local.
The and were founded in 1860, followed by many others that included 1868 , 1869 , 1872 , 1873 , 1874 , 1876 , 1877 , 1880s , 1882 , 1891 , and , around the turn of the century. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. The , , and Valleys intersect in an area just south of the Old City of Jerusalem. All of this is lit superbly, giving the piece a documentary style. Although many statistics indicate economic growth in the city, since 1967, has lagged behind the development of. The Board of Governors has included such prominent Jewish intellectuals as and. Palestinians regard Jerusalem as the capital of the , and the city's borders have been the subject of bilateral talks.
Synagogues around the world are traditionally built with the Holy Ark facing Jerusalem, and Arks within Jerusalem face the Holy of Holies. In contradiction to the Partition Plan, which envisioned a separated from the Arab state and the Jewish state, Israel took control of the area which later would become West Jerusalem, along with ; Jordan took control of East Jerusalem, along with the West Bank. Shuafat lies about 6 kilometres north of Jerusalem's oldest historical part, the so-called , and about 5 kilometres north of the walled Old City. The , featuring indoor and outdoor performances by local and international singers, concerts, plays, and street theater has been held annually since 1961, and Jerusalem has been the major organizer of this event. To attract more university students to Jerusalem, the city has begun to offer a special package of financial incentives and housing subsidies to students who rent apartments in downtown Jerusalem. Poverty remains a problem in the city as 37% of the families in Jerusalem lived in 2011 below the poverty line. Some states, such as and , recognize the Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital.
Residents also are entitled to the subsidized healthcare and social security benefits Israel provides its citizens, and have the right to vote in municipal elections. Boas, Jerusalem in the Time of the Crusades, Routledge 2001, pp. Archived from on 28 September 2007. Currently, the city's birthrate stands about 4. The headquarters of the Jerusalem Municipality and the mayor's office are at Kikar Safra on. Most of the meetings of the Jerusalem City Council are private, but each month, it holds a session that is open to the public. Archived from on 24 June 2011.
Despite efforts to maintain peaceful religious coexistence, some sites, such as the Temple Mount, have been a continuous source of friction and controversy. Possibly the redactor of the Apocryphon of Genesis wanted to dissociate Melchizedek from the area of Shechem, which at the time was in possession of the. Along the southern side of old Jerusalem is the , a steep ravine associated in biblical with the concept of or. During this period, the and Al-Aqsa Mosque underwent major renovations. Muslims believe Muhammad was miraculously transported one night from to the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, whereupon he ascended to to meet previous.